Direct & Indirect Speech PART-7 ( Special Rule-5 )

Welcomआज के इस पोस्ट में Direct and Indirect Speech के "Special Rules PART-5" के बारे में बताया गया है इस पोस्ट में Exclamatory Sentence को Indirect Speech में किस प्रकार से Change किया जाता है। इसके बारे में full details में सभी चीजों को बताया गया है ।

और साथ ही बहुत से Examples भी दिए गए हैं ताकि आपको समझने में आसानी हो सकें। So इस पोस्ट को ध्यान से पढें और समझने का प्रयास करें ।

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Change Exclamatory Sentence into Indirect Speech-its Rule, Examples & Everything in hindi

Change-Exclamatory-Sentences-Into-Indirect-Speech

Exclamatory Sentences किसे कहते हैं।

पहचान : ऐसा वाक्य जिससे अचानक या तीव्र - खुशी, क्रोध, दुख, आश्चर्य, घृणा, पछतावा, प्रशंसा, इत्यादि के भाव व्यक्त होते हैं, उसे Exclamatory Sentences कहते हैं । जैसे

1. वाह ! भारत मैच जीत गया ।
2. चुप रहो ! मुझे तंग मत करो ।
3. ओह ! समय समाप्त हो गया ।
4. भगवान के लिए ! सच बोलो ।
5. शाबास ! तुम बहुत अच्छा खेले ।
6. ओह ! कृपया मुझे परेशान मत करो ।

कुछ Exclamatory Words को देखें, इन words से खुशी, दुख, आश्चर्य, प्रशंसा, संबोधन, सहमति इत्यादि का बोध होता है ।

संबोधन -  Hellow !
दुख - Alas ! Oh ! Oh no ! So sorry ! 
खुशी - Hurrah ! Great ! Wow ! Ha Ha !
आश्चर्य - What ! How ! Oh my God ! is it !
प्रशंसा - Bravo ! Well done ! Very good ! शावास
सहमति - Sure ! Why not ! Of course ! बेशक/पक्का !

Exclamatory Sentence को (( ! )) इस चिन्ह के द्वारा दर्शाया जाता है,  इस ( ! ) चिन्ह को Exclamation mark या Mark of Exclamation कहा जाता है


((( Special Rules PART-5 )))

अब इन वाक्यों को देखें । ये सभी वाक्य Direct speech में हैं । और Exclamatory Sentences हैं ।

1. She said,"Alas! i am ruined."

2. He said,"Ah! i am happy now."

3. She said,"Oh! i have cut my finger."

4. They said,"Bravo! You have done well."

5. They said," Hurrah! We have won the match."

इस प्रकार के वाक्यों को नीचे दिए गए "Rules" के अनुसार Indirect speech मे Change किया जाता है ।

Rules :

1. Reporting Verb (said) को Reported speech के अर्थ के अनुसार निम्नलिखित प्रकार से बदलते हैं । जैसे

क्रोध के लिए :  exclaimed with anger
प्रशंसा के लिए :  exclaimed with applause
दुख/शोक के लिए :  exclaimed with sorrow
हर्ष/खुशी/उल्लास के लिए :  exclaimed with joy
आश्चर्य/विस्मय के लिए :  exclaimed with surprise
तिरस्कार/घृणा के लिए :  exclaimed with contempt
पश्चाताप/अफसोस के लिए :   exclaimed with regret

2. Inverted comma के स्थान पर that का प्रयोग करते हैं ।

3. Exclamatory words ( Ah! Oh! Alas! Oh my god! etc ) को लुप्त कर देते हैं ।

4. और फिर Indirect speech मे बदलने के जो भी सामान्य नियम हैं । उन्हें Apply कर पूरे वाक्य को Indirect speech में बदल देते हैं ।

Examples : 

Direct : He said, " Alas ! i am undone. "
Indirect : He exclaimed with sorrow that he was undone.

Direct : The boy said, " Alas ! My cat is dead."
Indirect : The headmaster said, " Alas ! Mrs indira gandhi is no more. "

Direct : They said, " Ah ! My friend has come from America. "
Indirect : They exclaimed with joy that their friend had come from America.

Direct : She said,"Oh! i have cut my finger."
Indirect : She exclaimed with sorrow/regret that she had cut her finger.


Direct : He said,"Ah! i am happy now."
Indirect : He exclaimed with joy that he was happy then.

Direct : She said,"Alas! i am ruined."
Indirect : She exclaimed with sorrow that she was ruined.

Direct : They said," Hurrah! We have won the match."
Indirect : They exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.

Direct : They said,"Bravo! You have done well."
Indirect : They exclaimed with applause/joy that i had done well.

Note : यदि Inverted comma के भीतर अधूरे वाक्य हो, तो उनमे Verb तथा अन्य शब्द अपनी ओर से जोड़ दें ताकि अभीष्ट भाव सहजता से स्पष्ट हो सकें । तथा

दिए गए "Exclamatory Sentences" को सबसे पहले Affirmative sentences मे बदल दे और फिर उसे ऊपर बताए गए नियम के अनुसार Indirect speech मे बदल दें ।

अब नीचे Exclamatory sentences को Affirmative sentences मे बदलने के कुछ Common examples दिए गए हैं । इन्हें ध्यान से देखें और समझने का प्रयास करें ।

Exclamatory :  Nonsense!
Affirmative :  it is nonsense.

Exclamatory :  Oh ! Enough!
Affirmative :  it is enough.

Exclamatory :  What a fall!
Affirmative :   it is a big fall.

Exclamatory : What an idea!
Affirmative : it is an extraordinary idea.


Exclamatory : What a fool i was!
Affirmative :  i was a big fool.

Exclamatory : what a place it is!
Affirmative : it is a very fine place.

Exclamatory : How dark the night is!
Affermative :  The night is very dark.

Exclamatory : How fast the baby runs!
Affirmative :  The baby runs very fast.


Exclamatory : What a beautiful girl she is!
Affirmative :  She is a very beautiful girl.

Exclamatory : What a place !/what a place it is!
Affirmative : it is a very fine/strange/lonely place.

Exclamatory : What a fool !/what a fool he is!
Affirmative :  He is a great fool.

Examples : 

Direct : i said, "Oh! Enough."
Affirmative : I said,"it is enough."
Indirect : i exclaimed with disgust that it was enough.

इसी प्रकार से सभी होंगे परंतु आपको Affirmative form को लिखना नहीं है । ये सिर्फ आपको समझाने के लिए दिया गया है ।

Direct : She said,"How fast my baby runs!"
Indirect : She exclaimed with joy that her baby ran very fast.

Direct : He said,"What a fool i am!"
Indirect : He exclaimed with sorrow/regret that he was a big fool.

Direct : He said,"What a fall!"
Indirect : He exclaimed with sorrow that it was a big fall.


Direct : 
Ram said,"What an idea!"
Indirect : Ram exclaimed with joy that it was an extraordinary idea.

Direct : He said,"What a sweet song!"
Indirect : He exclaimed with applause/joy that it was a very sweet song.

Direct : Sonu said,"What a beautiful sight it is!"
Indirect : Sonu exclaimed with joy/surprise that it was a very beautiful sight.


Direct : He said,"How sweetly she sings!"
Indirect : He exclaimed with she sung very sweetly.

Direct : 
He said,"How dark the night is!"
Indirect : He exclaimed with wonder that the night was very dark.

Direct : She said,"What a horrible place it is!"
Indirect : She exclaimed with fear that it was a very horrible place.


Direct : 
They said,"How kind the king is!"
Indirect : They exclaimed with joy/applause that the king was very kind.

Direct : 
He said,"How foolish i am!"
Indirect : He exclaimed with sorrow/regret that he was a big foolish.

Direct : 
She said to her friends,"What a beautiful flower!"
Indirect : She exclaimed with joy/surprise that it was a very beautiful flower.


Direct : He said,"What a place!"
Indirect : He exclaimed with joy that it was a very fine place. OR
Indirect : He exclaimed with surprise that it was a very strange place.

Direct : She said,"What a place!"
Indirect : She exclaimed with joy that it was a very fine place.   OR
Indirect : He exclaimed with surprise that it was a very strange place.


Exclamations संबंधी कुछ अधूरे वाक्यों का Speech परिवर्तन इस प्रकार होता है ।

Direct : He said to me,"Fool !"
Indirect : He called me a fool.

Direct : 
He said, "Thank you !"
Indirect : He thanked me.

Direct : He said,"Goodbye !"
Indirect : He bade me goodbye.

Direct : 
She said to us,"Welcome !"
Indirect : She welcomed us.

Direct : He said,"Congratulations !"
Indirect : He Congratulated me.

Direct : 
Ram said,"Curse this thing !"
Indirect : Ram cursed that thing.

Direct : He told me,"Fool ! Liar !"
Indirect : He called me a fool and liar.

Direct : He said,"Happy Diwali !"
Indirect : He wished me a happy Diwali.

Direct : He said to me,"Good night/Good morning !"
Indirect : He wished me good night/good morning.

Direct : 
He said to me,"Fie !  Fie ! You mean fellow, you have cheated me."
Indirect : He called me a mean fellow and exclaimed with contempt that i had cheated him.

Direct : She said,"Hello! Where are you going ?"
Indirect : She greeted me and asked where i was going.

यदि आप पिछले बताए गए "Rules" वाले पोस्ट को पढना चाहते हैं तो उसका link नीचे दिए गए हैं ।




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I hope कि ये पोस्ट आपको  helpful  लगा होगा । यदि यह पोस्ट आपको  helpful  लगा हो,  तो पोस्ट को अपने friends  और Other students को  share  अवश्य करें जिससे कि वो सब भी इस पोस्ट को पढकर Direct & Indirect Speech सीख सकें ।

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आपलोगों से अनुरोध है कि कमेंट में किसी भी प्रकार के लिंक को Enter ना करें, और यदि आप ऐसा करते हैं तो फिर आपके कमेंट को Approve नहीं किया जाएगा और ना ही आपको कोई Reply दिया जाएगा ।